1842 - John Greenough is granted the first U.S. patent for the sewing machine.1848 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.

1878 - The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.

1947 - In New York City Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera," the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.

1952 - The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes Identity Cards in the UK to "set the people free."

1953 - Francis Crick and James D. Watson discover the structure of the DNA molecule.

1972 - President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations.

1975 - Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.

Born this date:

1915 - Ann Sheridan, American actress (d. 1967)

1925 - Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)

1927 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (d. 1996)

1934 - Rue McClanahan, American actress

1955 - Kelsey Grammer, American actor

1979 - Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress.

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