1842 - John Greenough is granted the first U.S. patent for the sewing machine.1848 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
1878 - The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.
1947 - In New York City Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera," the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
1952 - The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes Identity Cards in the UK to "set the people free."
1953 - Francis Crick and James D. Watson discover the structure of the DNA molecule.
1972 - President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations.
1975 - Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.
Born this date:
1915 - Ann Sheridan, American actress (d. 1967)
1925 - Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
1927 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (d. 1996)
1934 - Rue McClanahan, American actress
1955 - Kelsey Grammer, American actor
1979 - Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress.